Demonstrating Benefits of Quantum Upgradable Design Strategy: System Model H1-2 First to Prove 2,048 Quantum Volume

December 29, 2021

Demonstrating Benefits of Quantum Upgradable Design Strategy: System Model H1-2 First to Prove 2,048 Quantum Volume

Quantinuum’s H-Series quantum computers, Powered by Honeywell, continue to deliver on exponential performance gains

Over the course of 2021, Quantinuum’s customers and collaborators were the beneficiaries of a deliberate, strategic approach to quantum computing design. Namely, that it is possible to release a generation of quantum computers that can be quickly and systematically upgraded in parallel with commercial usage, allowing customers immediate access to the latest upgrades.

With the release of the System Model H1, Powered by Honeywell, in fall 2020, Quantinuum began a real-time demonstration of its design approach. The first System Model H1, referred to as the H1-1, launched in October 2020 with a measured quantum volume of 128. Quantum volume is a metric introduced by IBM to measure the overall capability and performance of a quantum computing system regardless of technology.  (Calculating quantum volume requires running a series of complex random circuits and performing a statistical test on the results.) 

During 2021 Quantinuum, under its trapped-ion hardware group, previously known as Honeywell Quantum Solutions, made multiple upgrades to the H1-1 achieving measured quantum volume records of 512 in March 2021 and then 1,024 in July 2021. During that same period, Quantinuum was quietly releasing its second H1 generation quantum computer to customers and collaborators, called the H1-2. The System Model H1-2 uses the same ion-trap architecture, control system design, integrated optics, and photonics as the H1-1. 

Our H1 generation of quantum computers are nearly identical copies, with the ongoing exception that at any given time one computer might have received upgrades prior to the other,” said Dr. Russ Stutz, Head of Commercial Products for the hardware team.  “Our goal is to provide users with the highest performing hardware as they work on solving real world problems."

Upgrades to both H1 quantum computers over the course of 2021 included improved gate and measurement fidelities, reduced memory errors, faster circuit compilation, inclusion of real-time classical computing resources and quantum operations using 12 qubits, versus the 10 qubits available at initial release.

What has been remarkable about the approach, is the ability to deliver near-continuous capability upgrades while being consistent on performance. 

“Our customers frequently comment about their ability to reliably get expected results, including when running deep circuits and using sophisticated features like mid-circuit measurement, qubit reuse and conditional logic”, Dr. Brian Neyenhuis, Head of Commercial Operations for the hardware team.

Just this past week, H1-2 measured a Quantum Volume of 2,048 (211), setting a new bar on the highest quantum volume ever measured on a quantum computer. The performance of the H1 generation of quantum computers continues to achieve the 10X per year increase that was announced in March 2020.

The Data

The average single-qubit gate fidelity for this milestone was 99.996(2)%, the average two-qubit gate fidelity was 99.77(9)%, and state preparation and measurement (SPAM) fidelity was 99.61(2)%. We ran 2,000 randomly generated quantum volume circuits with 5 shots each, using standard optimization techniques to yield an average of 122 two-qubit gates per circuit.

The System Model H1-2 successfully passed the quantum volume 2,048 benchmark, returning heavy outputs 69.76% of the time, which is above the 2/3 threshold with 99.87% confidence.

The plot above shows the heavy outputs for Quantinuum’s tests of quantum volume and the dates when each test passed. All tests are above the 2/3 threshold to pass the respective quantum volume benchmark. Circles indicate heavy output averages and the violin plots show the histogram distributions. Data colored in blue show system performance results and red points correspond to modeled, noise-included simulation data. White markers are the lower two-sigma error bounds.

The plot above shows the individual heavy outputs for each quantum volume 2,048 circuit. The blue line is an average of heavy outputs and the orange line is the lower two-sigma error bar which crosses the 2/3 threshold after 818 circuits, which corresponds to passing.

This is the latest in a string of accomplishments for Quantinuum, which recently announced the completion of its combination between Honeywell Quantum Solutions and Cambridge Quantum Computing to form the largest stand-alone integrated quantum computing company in the world. This news also falls on the heels of the release of Quantinuum’s flagship product, Quantum Origin, the world’s first quantum-enhanced cryptographic key generation platform. 

“We look forward to continued momentum in 2022 with expected advances in multiple application areas as well as further advances in the H-Series quantum computers”, said Tony Uttley, President and Chief Operating Officer of Quantinuum.

* The Honeywell trademark is used under license from Honeywell International Inc.  Honeywell makes no representations or warranties with respect to this product or service.



Kaniah Konkoly-Thege

Kaniah is Chief Legal Counsel and SVP of Government Relations for Quantinuum. In her previous role, she served as General Counsel, Honeywell Quantum Solutions. Prior to Honeywell, she was General Counsel, Honeywell Federal Manufacturing and Technologies, LLC, and Senior Attorney, U.S. Department of Energy. She was Lead Counsel before the Civilian Board of Contract Appeals, the Merit Systems Protection Board, and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Kaniah holds a J.D. from American University, Washington College of Law and B.A., International Relations and Spanish from the College of William and Mary.

Jeff Miller

Jeff Miller is Chief Information Officer for Quantinuum. In his previous role, he served as CIO for Honeywell Quantum Solutions and led a cross-functional team responsible for Information Technology, Cybersecurity, and Physical Security. For Honeywell, Jeff has held numerous management and executive roles in Information Technology, Security, Integrated Supply Chain and Program Management. Jeff holds a B.S., Computer Science, University of Arizona. He is a veteran of the U.S. Navy, attaining the rank of Commander.

Matthew Bohne

Matthew Bohne is the Vice President & Chief Product Security Officer for Honeywell Corporation. He is a passionate cybersecurity leader and executive with a proven track record of building and leading cybersecurity organizations securing energy, industrial, buildings, nuclear, pharmaceutical, and consumer sectors. He is a sought-after expert with deep experience in DevSecOps, critical infrastructure, software engineering, secure SDLC, supply chain security, privacy, and risk management.

Todd Moore

Todd Moore is the Global Vice President of Data Encryption Products at Thales. He is responsible for setting the business line and go to market strategies for an industry leading cybersecurity business. He routinely helps enterprises build solutions for a wide range of complex data security problems and use cases. Todd holds several management and technical degrees from the University of Virginia, Rochester Institute of Technology, Cornell University and Ithaca College. He is active in his community, loves to travel and spends much of his free time supporting his family in pursuing their various passions.

John Davis

Retired U.S. Army Major General John Davis is the Vice President, Public Sector for Palo Alto Networks, where he is responsible for expanding cybersecurity initiatives and global policy for the international public sector and assisting governments around the world to prevent successful cyber breaches. Prior to joining Palo Alto Networks, John served as the Senior Military Advisor for Cyber to the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy and served as the Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Cyber Policy.  Prior to this assignment, he served in multiple leadership positions in special operations, cyber, and information operations.